History >>

  • Name Check What's in a name? Beijing means "northern capital", but the city has had quite a few different names during its long history.

  • Earliest Inhabitants Beijing's earliest recorded fossil remains are those of the Peking Man dating back 500,000 years.

  • City of Ji, Beijing's First Phase The founding of Beijing can most probably be attributed to the Yellow Emperor, a formidable leader of the surrounding agricultural settlements.

  • Capital of the Liao and Jin Dynasties By the early 10th century, the Tang Dynasty was on the verge of collapse. Grasping their chance, the Khitan moved south and garrisoned in Ji, making it their second capital.

  • Capital of New China Beijing's most recent chapter began on January 31, 1949 as the Chinese People's Liberation Army marched into the city under the command of Chairman Mao Zedong.